model

This is a term which has been given a wide variety of different meanings by sociologists. In some cases it has been used as a synonym for theory , but in others as a reference to a system of abstract concepts at a more general level than a theory. Equally, it is used to refer to a statistical model, as in causal modelling . Whichever definition is used the essence of a model is that it requires the researcher to engage with theory and thus avoid empiricism .
At root, models seek to simplify phenomena, as an aid to conceptualization and explanation. In sociology structural-functionalism is a model in the first two senses suggested above, since it provides a broad frame of reference (a meta-theory which states that society is like an organism) and a set of conceptual propositions (a theory showing how the parts of society are integrated and make a contribution to the functioning of the whole). Where a hypothesis about the relationship between concepts is specified, and the concepts can be measured, we may speak of an operational model. These models are sometimes expressed diagrammatically, and may be set out more formally in mathematical terms, as for example in a regression model or loglinear model. Model building, a key aspect of mathematical sociology , involves the refinement of models from the stage of a flow diagram to a formal mathematical expression. Causal models may be of either type. Whatever form it takes, a model is an aid to complex theoretical activity, and directs our attention to concepts or variables and their interrelationships. See also multi-level models ; multivariate analysis.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Model 2A — Model 2 Le Model 2 est un système de jeu vidéo destiné aux salles d arcade, commercialisé par Sega en 1993. Sommaire 1 Description 2 Spécifications techniques 2.1 Model 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Model 2B — Model 2 Le Model 2 est un système de jeu vidéo destiné aux salles d arcade, commercialisé par Sega en 1993. Sommaire 1 Description 2 Spécifications techniques 2.1 Model 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Model 2C — Model 2 Le Model 2 est un système de jeu vidéo destiné aux salles d arcade, commercialisé par Sega en 1993. Sommaire 1 Description 2 Spécifications techniques 2.1 Model 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • model — mod‧el [ˈmɒdl ǁ ˈmɑːdl] noun 1. [countable] a particular type or design of a vehicle or machine: • the cheapest model in the Volkswagen range • Our photocopier is the latest model. see also brand1, make2 …   Financial and business terms

  • Model — Mod el, n. [F. mod[ e]le, It. modello, fr. (assumed) L. modellus, fr. modulus a small measure, dim. of modus. See {Mode}, and cf. {Module}.] 1. A miniature representation of a thing, with the several parts in due proportion; sometimes, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Model S — Un prototype de Model S Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • model — [mäd′ l] n. [Fr modèle < It modello, dim. of modo < L modus,MODE] 1. a) a small copy or imitation of an existing object, as a ship, building, etc., made to scale b) a preliminary representation of something, serving as the plan from which… …   English World dictionary

  • model — n Model, example, pattern, exemplar, ideal, standard, beau ideal, mirror are comparable when they denote something set or held before one for guidance or imitation in conduct or endeavor. Model applies to a person or thing set before one for… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • MODEL (L.) — Lisette MODEL 1906 1983 Inscrite dans l’histoire de la photographie, une seule image suffit à situer Lisette Model. Née à Vienne en 1906, d’une mère française et d’un père austro italien, cette femme photographe se promène sur la plage de Coney… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • model — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż III, D. u; lm D. i {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} wzór do naśladowania, schemat, według którego coś ma być wykonane, zrobiony w odpowiedniej skali, charakteryzujący wygląd… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • model — MODÉL, modele, s.n. 1. Ceea ce poate servi ca orientare pentru reproduceri sau imitaţii; tipar. ♦ Reprezentare în mic a unui obiect; machetă. ♦ Tipul unui obiect confecţionat. Model de pălărie. ♦ Obiect care, imprimat într un material plastic,… …   Dicționar Român

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